cibil score and its importance

What Is CIBIL Score & Why Is It Important?

Your creditworthiness is often evaluated through a three-digit number known as the CIBIL Score. This score ranges from 300 to 900. It is important when applying for loans or credit cards. A higher CIBIL score signifies creditworthiness.

Plus it increases your approval chances and lower interest rates. This is why you must understand credit score meaning, and how it affects your finances. Explore the details and importance of CIBIL score in securing financial opportunities below.

What is cibil score?

The CIBIL Score is issued by the Credit Information Bureau of India Limited. It is a measure of your creditworthiness. This three-digit number displays your ability to repay loans promptly. In simple terms, the higher your CIBIL Score, the better your chances of loan approval.

4 key factors contribute to your cibil score: 

1. First and foremost is your Payment History, constituting 30% of the score. This reflects how reliably you've paid your bills and EMIs on time. A consistent record of timely payments boosts your score.

2. Credit Exposure makes up 25% of your CIBIL Score. It assesses the total credit you're currently using compared to the total available. A low credit utilisation positively impacts your score.

3. Credit Type and Duration, also accounting for 25% of your score. Lenders prefer a mix of credit types, like a blend of credit cards and loans, and look favourably upon longer credit histories.

4. Additional Factors make up the remaining 20%. These include various elements such as recent credit inquiries and any defaults or late payments. 

Importance of cibil score

A CIBIL score is an overview of your credit health. Lenders use it for several purposes. Here are some reasons that justify the importance of CIBIL score:

1. Creditworthiness

Creditworthiness is a measure of how likely you can repay borrowed money. Lenders use your CIBIL Score to gauge this. It reflects your past repayment behaviour and helps lenders assess the risk of lending you money.

A higher CIBIL Score indicates a better credit history. It makes you more attractive to lenders. With a high score, you can secure loans on better terms. Conversely, a lower score will lead to less favourable loan terms or even loan rejection. So, maintaining a good CIBIL Score is important for access to credit when needed to get better loan terms.

Must Read: Disadvantages Of Having A Bad Credit Score

2. Lower interest rates

Your CIBIL Score can significantly impact the interest rates you are offered on loans. Lenders closely evaluate this score when determining the interest rate for your loan. The logic is straightforward – the higher your CIBIL Score, the lower the interest rate you're likely to secure. This is a crucial aspect to save money over the loan span.

When your CIBIL Score is robust, financial institutions view you as a lower-risk borrower. Consequently, they are more willing to extend credit to you at lower interest rates. On the other hand, if your score is on the lower side, lenders may perceive you as a higher-risk individual, leading to the possibility of being offered loans at higher interest rates.

3. Faster application process

A higher credit score fast-tracks your loan application. The speed of processing your loan is directly linked to your CIBIL Score. Higher scores mean quicker handling of your application. Lenders appreciate a solid credit history, making everything from application to approval smoother and faster.

On the other hand, if your score is on the lower side, be prepared for a more meticulous review by lenders. Lenders might take extra time to review your loan application. This time is used to assess the risk associated with lending to you. So, maintaining a healthy CIBIL Score not only increases your chances of approval but also speeds up the entire loan process. It saves you time and gives access to required funds.

4. Increased loan limits

A solid CIBIL Score translates to increased loan limits, giving you access to larger financial opportunities. Financial institutions trust individuals with higher credit scores. These individuals are eligible for bigger loan amounts. This confidence is from the belief that those with good credit are reliable borrowers who can manage larger financial responsibilities.

However, if your credit score falls below 700, banks may perceive you as a riskier candidate. In such cases, they might hesitate to grant higher loan amounts due to concerns about your ability to repay. Your CIBIL Score, therefore, acts as a key determinant in influencing the loan limits offered by financial institutions.

5. Longer loan tenures

Longer loan tenures offer borrowers the advantage of manageable EMIs, allowing for better budgeting and planning. However, financial institutions view longer loan terms as riskier endeavours. They extend such loans only to individuals with a proven track record of timely repayments. 

Here's where CIBIL ratings play a crucial role. Those with high scores have a higher likelihood of securing loans with extended repayment durations. This not only provides borrowers with financial flexibility but also instill confidence in lenders regarding repayment reliability. 

Must Read: Benefits Of Using A Secured Credit Card

How to improve your credit score?

Improving your CIBIL score leads to better loan terms and lower interest rates. Here's how:

  • Always pay bills, loans, and credit card dues promptly to avoid negative impacts.
  • Keep credit card spending below 30% of your limit to avoid seeming credit-dependent.
  • Credit Card annually for errors and dispute any inaccuracies immediately.
  • Prioritise your budget to avoid taking multiple loans in a short period.
  • Maintain a mix of secured and unsecured loans to showcase varied credit management skills.
  • Limit loan applications to prevent multiple hard inquiries that can lower your score.
  • Older accounts and paid-off debts reflect positively on your credit history. 
  • Standing as a loan guarantor can affect your score if the borrower defaults.
  • If needed, ask your bank to raise your credit limit to improve your credit utilisation ratio.


Maintaining a high credit score not only signals to lenders that you're a reliable borrower but also translates into tangible benefits. With a good CIBIL Score, you can enjoy lower interest rates on loans, making your financial transactions more cost-effective.

So, next time you contemplate your financial goals, remember the impact your CIBIL Score can have - a small number that holds the potential to make a big difference in your financial well-being.